Aim: How is the cumbia rhythm expressed in dance?
Summary: Students learn the cumbia dance and create their own dance rhythms.
Materials: Musical Explorers online audio
GA: ESGMK-2.CR.1, ESGMK-2.CR.2, ESGMK-2.CR.3, ESGMK-2.PR.1, ESGMK-2.PR.2, ESGMK-2.RE.1, ESGMK-2.RE.2, ESGMK-2.RE.3, ESGMK-2.CN.1, ESGMK-2.CN.2
SC: MGK-2.1, MGK-2.2, MGK-2.3, MGK-2.4, MGK-2.6, MGK-2.7, MGK-2.8, MGK-2.9
Vocabulary: refrain, rhythmic layers
> See Glossary
José Benito Barros (1915–2007)
José Benito Barros is perhaps the most well-known and prolific of Colombian composers, having written more than 800 songs! “La Piragua” is one of his most famous and often sung. It is based on a true story about a businessman named Guillermo Cubillo who moved to a rural area where the roads were impassable and the main mode of transport was small canoes on the river. Cubillo built a giant canoe called a “piragua.” Its launch was a great event, and his business prospered. Fun fact: Barros changed the name of Cubillo’s canoe to Pedro Albundia so it would rhyme with cumbia.
“La Piragua” Demo from Carnegie Hall Education on Vimeo.
Sing “La Piragua”
Me contaron los abuelos que hace tiempo,
Navegaba en el Cesar una piragua,
Que partía del Banco viejo puerto
A las playas de amor en Chimichagua.
Capoteando el vendaval se estremecía
Impasible desafiaba la tormenta,
Y un ejercito de estrellas la seguía
Tachonándola de luz y de leyenda.
Era la piragua de Guillermo Cubillos,
Era la piragua, era la piragua
La piragua, la piragua
Doce bogas con la piel color majagua
Y con ellos el temible Pedro Albundia,
Por las noches a los remos arrancaban
Un melódico rugir de hermosa cumbia.
Doce sombras, ahora viejas ya no reman,
Ya no cruje el maderamen en el agua,
Solo quedan los recuerdos en la arena
Donde yace dormitando la piragua.
*Piragua is a type of giant canoe.
**Majagua is a type of tree.
My grandparents told me that long ago,
In the Cesar, a piragua would sail,
It would leave the old port of El Banco
For the beaches of love in Chimichagua.
Fighting the gale, it would shake
Impassively it defied the storm,
And an army of stars would follow
Decorating it with light and legend.
It was Guillermo Cubillo’s piragua,
It was the piragua, it was the piragua
The piragua, the piragua
Twelve rowers with majagua-colored** skin
And with them the fearsome Pedro Albundia,
At night with their rows, they would tear out
A melodic roar of beautiful cumbia.
Twelve shadows, now old, no longer row,
The wood no longer creaks in the water,
Only memories are left in the sand
Where the piragua lies asleep.
Dance the Cumbia to “La Piragua” and “El Pescador”
- In cumbia, there are traditionally two roles for men and women.
- The cumbia is traditionally danced with props, including a lit candle, a hat for the man, and skirt for the woman. Encourage your students to try out both roles.
- Pretend that you have these props as you act out the dance.
- The basic step is a kind of shuffle walk, stepping on each beat and swinging your hips. The male dancer drags his left foot a bit behind the right as he steps. The female dancer steps evenly.
- The upper body stays still and elegant.
- Smiling throughout the dance is key!
- After you’ve danced to “La Piragua,” you can try dancing to “El Pescador.”
- Step 1: The man holds a hat in his right hand and candle in his left. He dances towards the woman and gives her the candle, who holds it up high with one hand while holding her skirt with the other.
- Step 2: Both dance in small circles. Each time the man gets closer to the woman, she puts the candle between them and he dodges it.
- Step 3: Face in opposite directions with your right shoulders together and dance in a circle; switch directions and repeat.
- Step 4: Stand side by side and dance to the front and back together while looking at each other.
- View the video below for the movements.
Literacy Extension: Biblioburro: A True Story from Colombia
Follow the journey of Luis Soriano and his bags of books in Biblioburro: A True Story from Colombia by Jeanette Winter. Luis, an avid reader, and his two burros embark on a long trip to El Tormento to deliver children there the gift of books. Luis’s love of reading inspired many trips to villages throughout Colombia with his biblioburro, or “burro library.”
Creative Extension: Create Your Own Dance Rhythm
- As explored in Lesson 1, different rhythmic layers are an important part of cumbia. As a class, create your own eight-beat dance rhythm by making three rhythms and layering them together. Use SG18 to compose your own dance rhythm.
- Review the three rhythms that comprise the cumbia rhythm.
- Explain that you will be composing your own class dance rhythm, using the cumbia rhythm as your model. Your class’s dance rhythm will have three layers. Create one layer at a time using the following instructions.
- Explain that the new dance rhythm will be eight beats long, just like the cumbia rhythm. For an additional challenge, add an option to subdivide a beat or beats.
- Which beats do you want to play? Which beats do you want to keep silent?
- Note that, in the cumbia rhythm, different beats are played with different parts of the instruments to produce a variety of sounds. Guide the class in choosing what sounds they want to use. They can play found objects or use body percussion.
- Note that, in the cumbia rhythms, some of the beats are strong and loud, while others are weaker and soft. Guide the class in assigning dynamics to their rhythms.
- Devise a word or phrase that can be used as a mnemonic device to speak the rhythm, just like Gregorio did for the cumbia rhythms. It can be anything that helps you remember the rhythm. For example, you can use students’ names, instrument names, kinds of food, or a description of how to play the rhythm (similar to “stop, shake, stop, shake,” which Gregorio used for the maraca rhythm).
- Divide the class into three sections to perform your new dance rhythm. Experiment with the instrumental and vocal versions, or combine the two. Invite student volunteers to act as the conductor, cueing the entrances and exits of each of the parts.
Musical Word Wall
Add the words refrain and rhythmic layers to the Musical Word Wall.
> See Glossary
SG18 ↓ Download File